The Republic of South Korea has a long history of independence. The government follows the format of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President is the head of state, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature and comprises a Supreme Court, appellate courts, and a Constitutional Court. Since 1948, the constitution has undergone five major revisions, each signifying a new republic. The current Sixth Republic began with the last major constitutional revision in 1988.
For the first time in the history of South Korea, a female president “Park Geun Hye” has been elected. The election was held last Dec.19, 2012. She was inaugurated as the eleventh president of South Korea on 25 February 2013. Her term will last after five years. The head of state will reside at “Cheongwadae” also known as “Blue House”. The political world is not new to her as she is the daughter of the former president Park Chung-hee. She came from a traumatic past, her mother was killed during an attempted assassination of her father. At the age of 22, she was instated as the acting first lady in 1998. Aside from the president, South Korea also has a prime minister “Jung Hong Won” the prime minister was appointed by the president with the approval of National Assembly. The president is Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces of South Korea and enjoys considerable executive powers, while the prime minister will preside over the State Council of ministers as the head of government
Park Geun-Hye together with the political leaders of South Korea play a vital role in the future of South Korea. They are facing both economic advancements and challenges. In addition, North Korea tries to assert pressure on the South Korean government with the threat of a war if their demands are not met. While South Korea and its allies including the United States do not take these threats likely, it always ends up been nothing more than hot air. Sabre rattling has gone on longer than most of us who live and work in Korea can remember. The only viable solution to ending the over a half a century staff-off, is a political one and all sides involved know this.
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